The Crouching Woman is a bronze sculpture by the French sculptor Auguste Rodin (1840-1917). It was modeled during the period 1882-1884, and enlarged during 1907-1911, and cast in 1962. The sculpture can be viewed in the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, an art museum beside the National Mall, in Washington, D.C., the United States.
According to art historians, for the Crouching Woman Rodin used a sensuous and very intimate pose of his model Adèle Abruzzezzi. How Rodin makes his model pose for the sculpture can be seen in the video clip of the French film ‘Camille Claudel’ (1988) about the life of the female sculptor Camille Claudel.
The 18-year-old Camille Claudel (Rodin’s student) became his source of inspiration, lover, and his model for many of his sculptures, and became a talented sculptor in her own right.
For the Crouching Woman, as was his usual style, Rodin did not stick to the academic styles of his times, and created the sculpture of a distorted female figure. Octave Mirbeau, the French writer, art critic, art collector and a supporter of Rodin, greatly admired the Crouching Woman, and the sculpture went on to become one of his most celebrated works.
There are other versions of the sculpture in various other media and sizes, for instance the sculpture with the French title ‘La Femme accroupie’ in the Kröller-Müller Museum’s, sculpture garden in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in Otterlo in the Netherlands (KMM Sculpturepark in The Netherlands).